Tooth extraction may be recommended to remove severely infected and damaged teeth or to create space in a crowded mouth. An infected tooth can sometimes be preserved through root canal therapy, but if the infection is too severe for effective treatment, the tooth may require extraction.
Bone grafting uses organic or synthetic materials to replace or build up bone, restoring areas that have become weak or recessed. The ultimate goal of bone grafting is to create sufficient support for dental implants or to repair bone that has been damaged by periodontal disease.
Gum grafting involves transplanting gum tissue to repair a damaged gum line. The procedure can use your own gum tissue from another area of your mouth, donor tissue, or synthetic tissue The tissue is then transplanted to cover your tooth roots, even your gum line, and minimize further recession.
Patients with advanced gum disease may require flap surgery if more conservative periodontal treatments such as scaling and root planing are not sufficient. This procedure provides access to the roots and underlying structures that support the teeth to remove plaque and tartar and smooth bone.
The effects of disease, injury, and structural abnormalities in the mouth, face, head, or neck may be treated through maxillofacial surgery. This specialty focuses on treating patients who have suffered facial injuries or other conditions that have compromised their comfort, appearance, or health.